Morocco produces 25% of the tomatoes and 20% of the fruits consumed in the UK. Whilst large corporations take enormous profits, workers in Morocco receive super-low wages.
The policies and behaviours of governments and corporate agribusiness have created and enabled a food system based on the exploitation of cheap labour, including through clamping down on unions and workers organising for better wages and working conditions.
Small to medium farms hire non-unionised workers to labour in precarious conditions, transporting workers on ramshackle and dangerous lorries; intermediaries make their cut of profits by keeping workers unaware of their rights and paid low wages, while most employers offer nothing in the way of social security, bonuses, or holiday days. The practices of intermediaries have a dramatic impact on reducing workers’ rights, weakening unions and their struggles, particularly in the large farms.